Attached below are notes written for two mentees I had in an independent study concerning the etale fundamental group. The goal was to motivate cohomology (in particular etale cohomology) via torsors and motivate torsors using the theory of twists. I think that the notes are well-intentioned and do genuniely have interesting didcatic value buried deep inside them. Unfortunately, they are long-winded, meandering, and overly self-indulgent. One day I intend to go back and tighten them up.
Please feel free to leave any constructive comments!